Sunday, November 22, 2009

Welcome to Minnesota

Minnesota, is in the north central United States. Near the geographic center of North America, it is bordered on the north by the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario, on the west by North Dakota and South Dakota, on the south by Iowa, and on the east by Wisconsin and Lake Superior. Minnesota entered the Union on May 11, 1858, as the 32nd state.
The area of Minnesota is 225,181 sq km (86,943 sq mi), of which 12,380 sq km (4,780 sq mi) is inland water and 6,594 sq km (2,546 sq mi) is a portion of Lake Superior under the state's jurisdiction. Minnesota thus ranks 12th in area among the 50 states. From north to south the state measures 653 km (406 mi), and from east to west it measures 576 km (358 mi) at its maximum extent and about 290 km (about 180 mi) at its narrowest point. The mean elevation is about 370 m (1,200 ft).
If you drive from the Canadian border on the north to the Iowa border on the south, you may think you are visiting several states and going through at least two seasons on the way.
If you start on a day in late April, you'll see snow on the ground. Around noon you'll be in central Minnesota, where the snow is gone and ice on the lakes has melted. Farther south later that afternoon, trees are full with leaves, farmers are finishing plowing, and it's spring. In a month, it will be spring in the north. You may like to check the weather map or the weather forecasts for today.
Another reason there seem to be several Minnesotas is that the state is at the crossroads of three types of terrain. Grassland plains and prairies are to the west and south, coniferous (cone-bearing) forest is to the north, and to the east is the hardwood forest, once known as the "Big Woods."

A Minnesota Poem

"Minnesota Blue" was written in 1985 by Cordell Keith Haugen as a tribute to his native state Minnesota. Mr. Haugen was born and raised in Northern Minnesota. Although he has lived most of his adult life elsewhere, the poet/songwriter continues to feel pride when he talks of the land of sky blue waters. "Minnesota was a great place to grow up, and remains a wonderful place to raise a family," he says today. "I feel a sense of pride when I read about surveys which rank the state of my childhood high in the things that really count -- like education, quality of living and concern for the environment."
This poem is not an official Minnesota symbol.
Minnesota, how I love you
Minnesota, I've been away too long
How I miss your clean fresh air, your lakes and rivers too
How I miss your Minnesota Blue
Do your golden fields of wheat and corn
Still shimmer in the early morn
Waving to the clouds as they drift by
Do moose and bear still rule the earth
In the Red River Valley of my birth
Do the Northern Lights still dance across your sky
Does the North Star still guide you
Do your farmers still provide you
With the way of life that we all learned to share
Do they still follow the Golden Rule
And dress up each week for Sunday School
Do your families still give thanks for living there
Are your skies still free of smoke and haze
Do your old folks still remember days
When your skyline was a grove of Norway pines
Does the North Wind whistle through your trees
Can you still smell wildflowers on the breeze
Do bass and pike still play with fishing lines
Do your children still walk the rails
Or discover hidden Indian trails
Do canoes glide through Minnesota streams
Can you hear the cry of the lonely loon
Do wolves still howl at your full moon
Is Viking Land still Mother Nature's dream
Do you still have dairies and rolling hills
And mines and quarries and flour mills
Do you still brew the best of America's beers
Do bobcats still cry at night
Does snow still fall so soft and white
Do icicles hang like crystal chandeliers
So many of yours have left to roam
But they still call Minnesota home
Like geese that fly above your lakes and wilds
And for every one of your million stars
There's a prairie son who's traveled far
Oh, please remember this Minnesota child.
Minnesota, how I love you
Minnesota, I've been away too long
How I miss your clean fresh air, 10,000 lakes and you

General information
Capital: St. Paul
State abbreviation/Postal code: Minn./MN
Governor: Tim Pawlenty, R (to Jan. 2011)
Lieut. Governor: Carol Molnau, R (to Jan. 2011)
Senators: Amy Klobuchar, D (to Jan. 2013); Al Franken, D (to Jan. 2015)
U.S. Representatives: 8
Historical biographies of Congressional members
Secy. of State: Mark Ritchie, D (to Jan. 2011)
Atty. General: Lori Swanson, D (to Jan. 2011)
State Auditor: Rebecca Otto, D (to Jan. 2011)
Organized as territory: March 3, 1849
Entered Union (rank): May 11, 1858 (32)
Present constitution adopted: 1858
Motto: L'Étoile du Nord (The North Star)
State symbols:
flower lady slipper (1902)
tree red (or Norway) pine (1953)
bird common loon (also called great northern diver) (1961)
song “Hail Minnesota” (1945)
fish walleye (1965)
mushroom morel (1984)
Nicknames: North Star State; Gopher State; Land of 10,000 Lakes
Origin of name: From a Dakota Indian word meaning “sky-tinted water”
10 largest cities (2005 est.): Minneapolis, 372,811; St. Paul, 275,150; Rochester, 94,950; Duluth, 84,896; Bloomington, 81,164; Plymouth, 69,701; Brooklyn Park, 68,550; St. Cloud, 65,792; Eagan, 63,665; Coon Rapids, 62,417
Land area: 79,610 sq mi. (206,190 sq km)
Geographic center: In Crow Wing Co., 10 mi. SW of Brainerd
Number of counties: 87
Largest county by population and area: Hennepin, 1,119,364 (2005); St. Louis, 6,226 sq mi.
State forests: 58 (nearly 4 million ac.)
State parks: 72
Residents: Minnesotan
2005 resident population est.: 5,132,799

Cities of Minnesota

Duluth is a port city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of St. Louis County. The fourth largest city in Minnesota, Duluth had a total population of 86,918 in the 2000 census and 84,397 according to July 1, 2007 census estimates.The Duluth MSA had a population of 275,486 in 2000. At the westernmost point of the Great Lakes on the north shore of Lake Superior, Duluth is linked to the Atlantic Ocean 2,300 miles (3,700 km) away via the Great Lakes and Erie Canal/New York State Barge Canal or Saint Lawrence Seaway passages and is the Atlantic Ocean's westernmost deep-water port.
Duluth forms a metropolitan area with Superior, Wisconsin. Called the Twin Ports, these two cities share the Duluth-Superior Harbor and together are one of the most important ports on the Great Lakes, shipping coal, iron ore (taconite), and grain. As a tourist destination for the Midwest, Duluth features America's only all-freshwater aquarium, the Great Lakes Aquarium, the Aerial Lift Bridge which spans the short canal into Duluth's harbor, "Park Point", the world's longest freshwater sandbar, spanning 6 miles, and is a launching point for the North Shore.
The city is named for Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, the first known European explorer of the area.

Lake City is a city in Goodhue and Wabasha counties in the U.S. state of Minnesota. It lies along Lake Pepin, a wide portion of the Mississippi River. The population was 4,950 at the 2000 census. Most of Lake City lies in Wabasha County, with only a small portion of in Goodhue County.
The City of Lake City is located 65 miles South of the Twin Cities at the intersection of highways 61 South and 63 North right on the Mighty Mississippi River at a beautiful spot called Lake Pepin. Lac de Pleurs (Lake of Tears) was the name given to Lake Pepin by Father Louis Hennepin, who camped on the shore of the lake in 1680. He christened the large body of water Lac de Pleurs after observing his Sioux captors weeping near the lake over the death of a chief's son. The war party of Isanti Sioux had captured Hennepin and his two companions several miles south along the Mississippi and were camping near the lake on their return north to their Sioux villages near present day Mille Lacs.
The first known settler was Jacob Boody, who arrived in 1853. In the years to follow, several explorers passed through this area. The town was platted in 1855. The town supervisors were given special powers by the State Legislature in 1864 to create a port market for grain. At Lake City the waters of Lake Pepin were deep enough to allow for such a port. Soon the town became noted as a profitable market with the volume of trade for the year 1866 bringing in a little over a million and a half dollars.
The City of Lake City became incorporated in 1872 and since has continued to thrive in its location on beautiful Lake Pepin. It is widely known for its attractive surroundings and bountiful fishing for every fresh water species.

Minneapolis (pronounced /ˌmɪniˈæpəlɪs/) is the largest city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and is the county seat of Hennepin County.[5] The city lies on both banks of the Mississippi River, just north of the river's confluence with the Minnesota River, and adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital. Known as the Twin Cities, these two form the core of Minneapolis-St. Paul, the sixteenth-largest metropolitan area in the United States, with 3.5 million residents.The Metropolitan Council estimated the city's population was 390,131 in 2009.
The city is abundantly rich in water with over twenty lakes and wetlands, the Mississippi river, creeks and waterfalls, many connected by parkways in the Chain of Lakes and the Grand Rounds Scenic Byway. Minneapolis was once the world's flour milling capital and a hub for timber, and today is the primary business center between Chicago and Seattle.Named America's most literate city,Minneapolis has cultural organizations that draw creative people and audiences to the city for theater, visual art, writing, and music. The community's diverse population has a long tradition of charitable support through progressive public social programs and through private and corporate philanthropy.
The name Minneapolis is attributed to the city's first schoolmaster, who combined mni, the Dakota word for water, and polis, the Greek word for city.[9][10] Minneapolis is nicknamed the "City of Lakes" and the "Mill City".
Dakota Sioux were the region's sole residents until French explorers arrived around 1680. Nearby Fort Snelling, built in 1819 by the United States Army, spurred growth in the area. The United States Government pressed the Mdewakanton band of the Dakota to sell their land, allowing people arriving from the east to settle there. The Minnesota Territorial Legislature authorized present day Minneapolis as a town on the Mississippi's west bank in 1856. Minneapolis incorporated as a city in 1867, the year rail service began between Minneapolis and Chicago. It later joined with the east bank city of St. Anthony in 1872.

Rochester is a city in the U.S. state of Minnesota and is the county seat of Olmsted County. Located on both banks of the Zumbro River, it is perhaps best known as the home of Mayo Clinic (giving rise to the city's nickname, "Med City") and is also home to an IBM facility. The city was estimated to have population of 101,659 according to the Census' 2008 American Community Survey released in 2009,[3] making it Minnesota's third-largest city and the largest outside of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Rochester Metropolitan Statistical Area, consisting of Olmsted, Dodge, and Wabasha counties, had an estimated population of 182,924 as of 2009.[4] The city has long been a fixture on Money magazine's "Best Places to Live" index, and was ranked number 67 on the 2006 list[5] but did not make the top 100 in 2009.[6]
The area was home to nomadic Sioux, Ojibwa, and Winnebago tribes of Native Americans. In 1851, the Sioux ceded the land to Minnesota Territory in the treaties of Traverse des Sioux and Mendota, which opened the land for settlement.
Rochester itself was founded by George Head in 1854; his land claim is now part of the city's business district.[7] Originally from Rochester, New York, Head had settled in Waukesha, Wisconsin before moving west to Minnesota. He named the village on the South Fork of the Zumbro River after his New York hometown, and built a log cabin his family operated as Head's Tavern. By 1856, the population had grown to 50; and by 1858, it was 1,500. The territorial legislature created Olmsted County on February 20, 1855, with Rochester named county seat in 1857. Rochester developed as a stagecoach stop between Saint Paul, Minnesota, and Dubuque, Iowa. When the railroad arrived in the 1860s, it brought new residents and business opportunities. In 1863, Dr. William W. Mayo arrived as the examining surgeon for draftees in the Civil War.
On August 21, 1883, the Great Tornado demolished much of Rochester, leaving thirty-seven dead and about two hundred injured. There was no medical facility at the time, so Dr. Mayo and his two sons worked together to care for the wounded. $60,000 in donations were collected and the Sisters of St. Francis, assisted by Dr. Mayo, opened a new facility named St. Marys Hospital in 1889.[8] The Mayo practice grew and is today among the largest and most well-respected medical facilities in the world. Many famous people from around the world, including former Presidents George H.W. Bush, Gerald Ford, and Ronald Reagan, and King Hussein of Jordan, have visited Rochester as patients of the Mayo Clinic.
Rochester is perhaps best known around the world as the home of the Mayo Clinic, which is consistently rated as one of the top hospitals in the United States.
Mayo Clinic got its start in 1863 when Dr. William Worrall Mayo, an immigrant from England moved to Rochester. Over the next few years, Dr. Mayo's brothers joined him in practice in Rochester. Twenty years later, in 1883, a devastating tornado hit Rochester. The sisters at the local Saint Francis proposed to build a new hospital if and only if Dr. Mayo provided health care for it. Nine years later, St. Mary's hospital opened with 27 beds. [12]. Over the next handful of years, various doctors and physicians joined up with the Mayo family, including Dr. Henry Stanley Plummer, who is considered by many American physicians to be the "architect of the modern medical practice" and a primary reason for Mayo Clinic's early success. He designed many of the systems which are now universally used around the world today, such as a shared, individual dossier-style medical record and an interconnecting telephone system.
Today, Mayo Clinic has hospitals and clinics in Jacksonville, Florida, Scottsdale, Arizona, and Phoenix, Arizona and offers other smaller clinics and hospitals around Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. The headquarters in Rochester offer a number of services including basic and specialty medical services, Mayo Medical School, Mayo Graduate School, and even departments for custom computer software.
Around 30,000 people work for Mayo alone in Rochester, the majority of whom work down-town. In 2007, annual revenue at Mayo Clinic grew 10%, to $6.9 billion.[13] Although Mayo does not own the tallest building in Rochester anymore, it is responsible for eight of the ten tallest buildings in Rochester—the tallest Mayo building being the Gonda Building at 305 feet tall.
Mayo Clinic is led by President and CEO, Denis Cortese, MD, who earns approximately US $745,000 per year.[14] In May 2009, it was announced that when Cortese retires in November 2009, Dr. John Noseworthy who is currently the Medical Director of the Mayo Clinic Department of Development will be named the new President and CEO[15]
Rochester's second biggest employer is IBM employing between 3000 and 4000 people. In fact, the IBM facility in Rochester is the company's largest under one roof in the world. The building is approximately one mile long and encompasses over half the total square footage of The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. Finished in 1958, the facility was designed by Eero Saarinen, who also designed the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1990, the site was recognized by the National Building Museum as being one of the significant contributions IBM has made to the built environment.
Besides being a very large facility, the facility itself has been a very important one for IBM business-wise. Perhaps the most known product to come out of IBM Rochester is the AS/400, now known as System i, a powerful and popular business server solution. Other products developed at the site include hard disks, System p, RS/6000, and various other confidential projects.
IBM Rochester also extends off site a few blocks into what is known as the White Buildings. There are two distinct operations at the White Buildings. The first is technical support for people such as system admins of a System i or System p. The other is an Executive Briefing Center where executives of other companies IBM deals with are brought in. Hitachi Global Storage Technologies also leases out space at IBM Rochester.

Saint Paul (pronounced /ˌseɪnt ˈpɔːl/, abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The city lies mostly on the north bank of the Mississippi River, downstream of the river's confluence with the Minnesota River, and adjoins Minneapolis, the state's largest city. Known as the "Twin Cities", these two cities form the core of Minneapolis-Saint Paul, the sixteenth largest metropolitan area in the United States, with about 3.5 million residents.The city's population at the 2000 census was 287,151. Saint Paul serves as the county seat of Ramsey County, the smallest and most densely populated county in Minnesota.
Founded near historic Native American settlements as a trading and transportation center, the city rose to prominence when it was named the capital of the Minnesota Territory in 1849. Though Minneapolis is more nationally recognized, Saint Paul contains important institutions and the state's political activity.[5] Regionally, the city is popular for the Xcel Energy Center, home of the Minnesota Wild,[6] and for the Science Museum of Minnesota.[7][8] As a business hub of the Upper Midwest, it is headquarters for companies such as Ecolab and Lawson Software.[9] St. Paul, along with its Twin City, Minneapolis, is known for its high literacy rate. It is the only city in the US, with a population of 250,000 or more, to increase the circulation number of Sunday newspapers in 2007.
The settlement originally began at present-day Lambert's Landing but was referred to as Pig's Eye, when Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant established a popular tavern there. When Fr. Lucien Galtier, the first Catholic pastor of the region, established the Log Chapel of St. Paul (shortly thereafter to become the first location of the Cathedral of St. Paul), he made it known that the settlement was now to be called by that name, as "St. Paul as applied to a town or city was well appropriated, this monosyllable is short, sounds good, it is understood by all Christian denominations...".

Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic is a non-profit organization and internationally renowned group medical practice headquartered in Rochester, Minnesota. Its headquarters consist of the Mayo Medical School, the Mayo Graduate School, the Mayo College of Graduate Medical Education, and several other health science schools. Its research facilities are in Rochester, Minnesota, in addition to hospitals and clinics in Jacksonville, Florida, Scottsdale, Arizona, and Phoenix, Arizona. Mayo Clinic partners with a number of smaller clinics and hospitals in Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin, an organization known as the "Mayo Health System."

For historical reasons, the institution is called "Mayo Clinic," rather than "The Mayo Clinic" or "Mayo's Clinic." The clinic started as a single, small outpatient facility, and later became America's first integrated group practice, a model that is now standard in the United States.
Mayo Clinic pays medical doctors a fixed salary that is unaffected by patient volume. This practice is thought to decrease the monetary motivation to see patients in large numbers and increase the incentive to spend more time with individuals. Salaries are determined by the marketplace salaries for physicians in comparable large group practices.

Mayo Clinic evolved from the frontier practice of Dr. William Worrall Mayo (1819–1911) and his two sons, William James Mayo (1861–1939) & Charles Horace Mayo (1865–1939). Dr. William Worrall Mayo emigrated from Salford, United Kingdom, to the United States in 1846 and became a doctor.
The Mayo Clinic founders are Drs. Mayo, Dr. Stinchfield, Dr. Graham, Dr. Henry Plummer, Dr. Millet, Dr. Judd, and Dr. Balfour. These early partners shared in the profits of the private group practice, while other staff hired by the partners were salaried. In 1919, this group created the Mayo Properties Association, and their private practice become a not-for-profit entity. The Mayo brothers, who had retained ownership of all the Clinic properties and furnishings, gave everything to this newly formed association. The integrated group practice has it roots firmly planted in this early private practice and partnership.

In 1892, Dr. Augustus Stinchfield was asked to join the practice by Dr. Mayo, who considered him to be the best doctor in the small towns near Rochester. Once Dr. Stinchfield joined the practice, Mayo retired at the age of 73.

Dr. Henry Stanley Plummer became a partner in the Clinic practice 1901. He is considered by many American physicians to be the "architect of the modern medical practice" and a primary reason for Mayo Clinic's early success. He designed many of the systems which are now universally used around the world today, such as a shared, individual dossier-style medical record and an interconnecting telephone system. While the Mayo brothers excelled as surgeons, Dr. Plummer is largely credited with establishing and developing the diagnostic and clinical aspects of the practice. Dr. Louis B. Wilson was hired by the Clinic in 1907—at Dr. Henry Plummer's urging—to establish research and diagnostic laboratories.

The Clinic's Plummer Building was designed by Johnathan William Dawson and Ray Corwin from the architectural firm of Ellerbe & Round, with considerable input from Clinic staff, and all under the guidance of Dr. Henry Plummer. At the time of completion in 1928, it was the tallest building in Minnesota and remained so until the Foshay Tower was built in Minneapolis. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969, and has recently been undergoing an award winning restoration of its bell tower.[citation needed] The Ellerbe firm is the architect of record for the 1914 Mayo "Red" building, the 1922 Mayo Institute of Experimental Medicine, the 1927 "Plummer" building, the 1954 Mayo building, the new 2002 Gonda building, as well as the Rochester Methodist Hospital. The historic 1914 "Red" Mayo Clinic building, a National Landmark listed on the National Register, was demolished by the Clinic in the 1980s to make way for the HGA designed Siebens building. The Mayo campus in Rochester now occupies roughly three times the area of the Mall of America. Mayo Clinic Rochester employs over 30,000 people.

Minnesota Attractions

The Olmsted County Museum preserves and interprets the rich heritage of Olmsted County and Rochester. Exhibits featured at the museum include healthcare, St. Marys Hospital, IBM, and the Tornado of 1883. Children will enjoy the experience of the Hands-On Cabin. The Olmsted County Museum is located at 1195 County Road 22 SW. For more information call (507) 282-9447.

The Mayo Clinic was built in 1914 when the Mayo Brothers outgrew their space at St. Marys Hospital. Today the clinic treats more than 250,000 patients each year. Patients come from all over the globe to receive the best healthcare that Mayo has to offer. The Mayo Clinic has virtually every expertise with more than 100 specialties and a teamwork approach to healthcare as well as extensive medical education and research. Surprisingly, the medical care costs at Mayo are 15% below the national average. The clinic offers tours that highlight Mayo, past and present, and the donated artwork on display throughout the clinic. Located at 200 1st Street SW, Mayo Clinic is a must see, even if you don’t need to visit a doctor. Call (507) 284-2511 for additional information.

After the devastating tornado in 1883, the sisters of St. Francis set out to provide a hospital for the Rochester community. By 1889, they had raised $60,000 and St. Marys Hospital was constructed. It was the first general hospital in Southeast Minnesota and offered 27 patient beds. Today, St. Marys Hospital is a 1,157 bed facility with more than 50 operating rooms. Tour brochures are available at the information desks for those interested in a self-guided tour. The hospital is located at 1216 2nd Street SW.

Plummer House at 1091 Plummer Lane, was built in 1917 by Dr. Henry Plummer. The English Tudor mansion is an impressive five-story structure with nearly 50 rooms. Dr. Plummer died in 1936 and his family remained at Plummer House until 1969 when the house and grounds were given to the City of Rochester. The mansion is surrounded by 11 acres of beautiful grounds that include gardens, trails, and a water tower. Call (507) 281-6160 for additional information.

The Soldiers Field Veterans Memorial is located in downtown Rochester at the Soldiers Field Park. The memorial’s purpose is to honor veterans who have served in the United States military. It was dedicated June 25, 2000, and cost $1.3 million to construct. Visitors will see a list of nearly 2,000 Minnesotans from the area who have died in combat since the Civil War.
The most complete carillon in North America can be found on top of the Plummer Building in downtown Rochester. The Rochester Carillon’s 56 bells originated in England and Holland. Thirty-minute concerts can be enjoyed on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays in downtown Rochester. Call (800)634-8277 for more details.

The Mayowood Mansion was built in 1911 and was home to three generations of Mayos. This elegant 50-room mansion is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Visitors can tour the spacious grounds, beautiful gardens, and see a wealth of Mayo Family items in the mansion. The Mayowood Mansion is located at 3720 Mayowood Road SW. For more information call (507) 282-9447.
Rochester’s Assisi Heights Convent, a 3-story Italian Romanesque building at 1001 14th Street, is home to the sisters of St. Francis. The structure bears a striking resemblance to the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi in Italy. The convent has a unique red tile roof, slate floors, a Romanesque ceiling, and beautiful hand-blown stained glass windows from Germany. Call (507) 280-2180 for more details.

Oxbow Park, a 572-acre park, was established in 1967. The park has 8 miles of developed trails for hiking as well as facilities for camping, picnicking, and fishing. Zollman Zoo is also located at the park. The zoo houses 30 native Minnesota animal species. A majority of its animals have been permanently injured and the zoo serves as an animal shelter. Bison, Bald Eagles, bear, elk, mountain lion, and porcupine are among some of the residents at the zoo. For additional information call (507) 775-2451.

Famous Minnesotans

Bob Dylan

Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman; May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, poet and painter who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s when he was, at first, an informal chronicler and then an apparently reluctant figurehead of social unrest. A number of his songs, such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin'," became anthems for both the civil rights and the anti-war[4] movements. Dylan's early lyrics incorporated political, social and philosophical as well as literary influences. They defied existing pop music conventions and appealed hugely to the then burgeoning counterculture. While expanding and personalizing genres, he has explored many traditions of American song, from folk, blues and country to gospel, rock and roll and rockabilly to English, Scottish and Irish folk music, and even jazz and swing.
Dylan performs with guitar, piano and harmonica. Backed by a changing line-up of musicians, he has toured steadily since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed the Never Ending Tour. His accomplishments as a recording artist and performer have been central to his career, but his greatest contribution is generally considered to be his songwriting.

Jessica Lunge

Jessica Lange was born in 1949, in Cloquet, Minnesota, USA, where her father worked as a traveling salesman. She obtained a scholarship to study art at the University of Minnesota, but instead went to Paris to study drama. She moved to New York, working as a model, until producer Dino De Laurentiis cast her as the female lead in King Kong (1976). The film attracted much unfavorable comment and, as a result, Lange was off the screen for three years. She was given a small but showy part in Bob Fosse's All That Jazz (1979), before giving a memorable performance in Bob Rafelson's The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981), as an adulterous waitress. The following year, she won rave reviews for her exceptional portrayal of actress Frances Farmer in Frances (1982) and a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for her work in Sydney Pollack's Tootsie (1982) (as a beautiful soap-opera actress). She was also outstanding as country singer Patsy Cline in Karel Reisz's Sweet Dreams (1985) and as a lawyer who defends her father and discovers his past in Music Box (1989). Other important films include Martin Scorsese's Cape Fear (1991) (as a frightened housewife) and Tony Richardson's Blue Sky (1994), for which she won a Best Actress Academy Award as the mentally unbalanced wife of a military officer. She made her Broadway debut in 1992, playing "Blanche" in Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire".


Prince Rogers Nelson (born June 7, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, musician and actor. He performs under the mononym Prince and has also been known by the unpronounceable symbol , which he used as his stage name between 1993 and 2000. During this period, he was referred to as The artist formerly known as Prince.
Prince has written more than one thousand songs. Most have been released under his own name, some have been released under pseudonyms & pen names, others have been recorded & released by other artists, while a great many remain in his "vault" unreleased.[citation needed] He has won seven Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe, and an Academy Award.[citation needed] He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame the first year he was eligible in 2004. In that same year Rolling Stone ranked Prince #28 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
Prince's music has been influenced by R&B, soul, funk, rock, blues, New Wave, psychedelia, folk, jazz and hip hop.[citation needed] His artistic influences include Jimi Hendrix, James Brown, Sly & the Family Stone, Curtis Mayfield, Parliament-Funkadelic, Stevie Wonder, Carlos Santana, Joni Mitchell, The Beatles, Duke Ellington, Led Zeppelin and Miles Davis.[citation needed] Prince pioneered the "Minneapolis sound" a hybrid mixture of funk, rock, pop, R&B and New Wave that influenced other musicians.

Winona Ryder

Winona Laura Horowitz (born October 29, 1971), better known under her professional name Winona Ryder, is an American actress who has appeared in film genres ranging from drama and comedy to science fiction. Her first significant role was as a goth teen in the 1988 Tim Burton film Beetlejuice, which won her critical and commercial recognition. After making various appearances in film and television, Ryder continued her career with the cult film Heathers (1989), a satire of teenage life. Ryder won a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and an Academy Award nomination in the same category for her role in The Age of Innocence.
In 2000, Ryder received a star on the Walk of Fame in Hollywood, California.A 2001 shoplifting incident led to a hiatus from acting.In 2006, she returned to the screen in what several media outlets called "a remarkable comeback".

Now here is a list of famous people from Minnesota:

LaVerne, Maxene, and Patti Andrews singers, Minneapolis
Warren E. Burger jurist, Saint Paul
William Demarest actor, Saint Paul
William Orville Douglas jurist, Maine
Bob Dylan singer, composer, Duluth
Francis Scott Fitzgerald author, Saint Paul
James Earle Fraser sculptor, Winona
Judy Garland singer, actress, Grand Rapids
Jean Paul Getty oil executive, Minneapolis
Duane Hanson sculptor, Alexandria
Garrison Keillor humorist, Anoka
Jessica Lange actress, Cloquet
Sinclair Lewis author, Sauk Center
Edward Lowe inventor, Saint Paul
Cornell MacNeil baritone, Minneapolis
John Madden sportscaster, Austin
Roger Maris baseball player, Hibbing
E. G. Marshall actor, Owatonna
Charles Horace Mayo surgeon, Rochester
William J. Mayo surgeon, Le Sueur
Eugene J. McCarthy senator, Watkins
Kate Millett feminist, Saint Paul
Walter F. Mondale Vice President, Celyon
Prince Rogers Nelson singer, Minneapolis
Lauris Norstad commander of NATO forces, Minneapolis
Westbrook Pegler columnist, Minneapolis
Jane Russell actress, Bemidji
Winona Ryder actress, Winona
Harrison E. Salisbury journalist, Minneapolis
Charles Monroe Schulz cartoonist, Minneapolis
Kevin Sorbo actor, Mound
Maurice H. Stans secretary of commerce, Shakopee
Harold Edward Stassen government official, Saint Paul
Michael Todd producer, Minneapolis
Jesse Ventura politician, entertainer, Minneapolis

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